Distribution of Carbon Emissions in the UK: Implications for Domestic Energy Policy

Date of the report

March 2013

Author of the report

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Purpose of the report

The report looks at the distribution of carbon emissions across households in the UK, with emphasis on differentiating household incomes. It then goes on to assess the fairness and effectiveness of current energy policies linked to climate change, and in doing so identifies who benefits from and who pays for government energy and climate policies.

Relevance to the region

This report has relevance to the West Midlands, as the region already has the highest percentage of households in fuel poverty in the UK.  The report highlights the potential for an alternative approach to reducing emissions in the domestic sector, through the retrofit of houses. The good news is that the West Midlands is already making good progress on this climate change reduction strategy. The challenge for the West Midlands is that it will need to go further and faster to ensure the benefits are shared between different income groups.

What SWM liked

SWM liked that the report analysed the effectiveness of energy and climate change policy with a perspective on social justice. It looked positively at how we can maximise carbon emissions reductions, and highlighted housing retrofit that doesn’t unduly burden the poor as a potential solution to the problem.

Links and contact information

For any queries on this publication, contact the publications team at The Joseph Rowntree Foundation via their contact email.


The full report and a summary are available.